- Teach letter sounds from Groups 1 – 3
- Blend regular words that use the letter sounds e.g. in, hot, bus etc.
- Teach letter sounds from Groups 1 – 3 and how to write them
- Develop the ability to hear the sounds in words – holding up a finger
for each sound
Blend regular words that:-
- start with a consonant blend e.g. stop, clap, drip etc.
- have two letters making the same sound e.g. hill, rabbit, duck etc.
- are long e.g. sunset, handbag, milkman etc.
- Make words with magnetic plastic letters – the children identify the
sounds and choose the letters
- Dictate simple words – the children write on whiteboards or paper
- Develop the ability to hear the sounds in consonant blends
- Teach letter sounds from Groups 4 – 7
- Teach blending of regular words with digraphs e.g. rain, tree, pie,
boat, fork etc.
- Develop the understanding that the digraphs <oo> and <th> have 2
sounds e.g. foot/moon, this/thin
- Teach letter sounds from groups 4 – 7 and how to write them
- Demonstrate the joining of digraphs (if school has a policy of early
- Dictate regular words that contain the new letter sounds e.g. train, jet,
boil, queen etc.
- Teach tricky words 1 – 10 by blending them and learning the correct
pronunciation e.g. the, he, was, to etc.
- Practise the tricky words until they can be read automatically
- Introduce capital letters and their sounds
- Introduce letter names
- Teach spelling of tricky words 1 – 10
- Check accuracy of spelling by dictating tricky words – children to write
words or make them with plastic letters
- Introduce Red Level Readers. Only the children who know the first 10
tricky words, and can blend regular words that use the 42 letter
sounds, should be expected to read these books by themselves
- Understand the importance of initially using decodable books
- Dictate sentences that have tricky words 1 – 10 and regular words that
use the letter sounds that have been taught so far e.g. I sleep in a big
- Encourage independent writing
- Teach the sounds of the letter <y> when it is being a vowel e.g. my,
- Teach tricky words 11 – 20
- Now the Yellow Level Jolly Readers can follow on from the Red Level
- Teach the spelling of tricky words 11 – 20
- Dictate sentences that use the tricky words, as well as regular words
containing letter sounds that have already been taught
- Continue encouraging independent writing
- Teach the alternative magic ‘e’ long vowels and blend regular words
that contain these vowels e.g. ape, these, fine, home, tube
- Teach tricky words 21 – 40
- Now the Green Level Readers can follow on from the Yellow
- Teach the alternative magic ‘e’ long vowels and dictate regular words
and/or sentences that contain these vowels e.g. lane, theme, ride,
- Teach the spelling of tricky words 21 – 40
- Continue with independent writing
- alternatives /ea/, /igh/, /ow/ (snow), /ew/, /ir/, /ur/, /au/, /aw/, /al/, /oy/, /ow/ (cow) Now Blue Level Readers can be introduced.
- nk is a blend but easier if children learn it as if it is a digraph; - wh is another way of writing /w/ (with some dialects it has its own sound)
- ph has a /f/ sound; - ue, ew, and u-e can also be pronounced as an /oo/ sound
Letter-Sound Groups 1 – 3:- s, a, t, i, p, n, c, k, e, h, r, m, d, g, o, u, l, f, b
Letter-Sound Groups 4 – 7:- ai, j, oa, ie, ee, or, z, w, ng, v, oo, y, x, ch, sh, th, qu, ou, oi, ue, er, ar